Research Design and
The empirical analysis of the theoretical framework requires novel granular data at the individual and community level from countries that have experienced civil wars in the recent past. Systematic information at this disaggregated level of analysis is barely available in existing statistics and surveys (e.g., Demographic Health Surveys, Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, Afrobarometer, Latinobarómetro, LAPOP). Especially, information on individual exposure to civil wars, uptake of new roles and responsibilities and more advanced measurement techniques (e.g., list experiments, conjoint experiments) is not available and requires a novel research design and data collection strategy.
Case Selection Strategy
To empirically assess the research questions and hypotheses, WarEffects will collect new individual-level and community-level quantitative survey data in three countries: Colombia, DR Congo, and Sri Lanka. While the project’s main goal is to explore the micro-level effects of civil wars and women’s empowerment in a representative population-based sample within each country, it also aims to compare between them, and generalize beyond these three country cases. The case selection strategy reflects this endeavour by leveraging cross-case variation along four key categories: world region, conflict dimensions, prevalence of sexual violence by armed groups, the extent of women’s participation in armed groups, and the time since the conflict ended. Replicating similar findings under very different country-level conditions constitutes a particularly hard test for the theoretical framework under investigation.